RABIES - What you need to know

Rabies is a disease caused by a virus found in the saliva of infected animals and is transmitted to pets and humans by bites, or possibly by contamination of an open cut. Treatment of an infected person as critical. Untreated, rabies causes a painful death.

Most animals can be infected by the virus and can transmit the disease to man. Infected bats, raccoons, foxes, skunks, dogs or cats provide the greatest risk to humans. Rabies may also spread through exposure to infected domestic farm animals, groundhogs , weasels and other wild carnivores. Squirrels, rodents and rabbits are seldom infected.

How Can You Prevent Rabies?

  • Have your pets vaccinated against rabies. Any pets which come in contact with wild animals are at risk. Many local health departments conduct public vaccination clinics for dogs and cats. Your veterinarian can also vaccinate your pet against rabies.
  • If your cat or dog has been bitten or attacked by a wild animal or has bites or scratches of unknown origin, call your local health department or animal control officer to report the incident.
  • If your cat or dog has bitten a person, call your local health department or animal control officer to report the incident.
  • If your cat or dog is sick, seek the advice of your veterinarian.
  • Protect your pets from stray or wild animals. Keep your pets from running loose.

If you are bitten...

  • * Immediately cleanse the wound thoroughly with soapy water.
  • Get medical attention. Go to your family doctor or nearest emergency room.
  • DO NOT DELAY CALLING. YOU MAY NEED TREATMENT.
  • Report all bites to your local health department or animal control agency

Discourage wildlife. Minimize your chance of exposing humans and pets to rabies. There is a human rabies vaccine available for pre-exposure and a globulin treatment with vaccination for post-exposure prophylaxis. However, prevention is of major importance. Start by reducing human and pet contact with wild animals.

If wild animals visit your property frequently, they are probably looking for food and shelter.

  • Check your house and property. Eliminate sites that can be used by animals for sleeping or raising young.
  • Cap all chimneys. Plug all holes in roofs, eaves, or sides of buildings
  • Block any means of entry to foundations, porches and steps. Trim tree limbs that extend to or over your roof.
  • Provide bright exterior lighting to discourage nocturnal animals.
  • Encourage your neighbors to do the same, so the whole neighborhood is unfriendly to wildlife.
  • Examine your buildings and yard. Remove all sources of FOOD.
  • Use garbage cans with animal-proof lids.
  • Keep garbage cans in the garage or shed.
  • Don't feed pets outside.
  • If you must feed pets outside, remove any uneaten food at once.
  • Remember gardens attract wildlife such as raccoons. Consider ways to make your garden less appealing such as low voltage electric fence.

What to do if they are already in residence?

  1. If they're already raising young, it's best to wait for the young to leave the den.
  2. When you're sure that there are no young or that the young ones are gone, watch the entrance at dusk and block it up after the animals leave for the night.
  3. If you can't watch the hole, mount a flap of wood or heavy gauge wire on a hinge over the hole so that the animal can push it out to leave, but can't push it back in to re-enter.
  4. Arrange a bright light so it shines into the den during the day, or place a loud playing radio there all day to discourage an animal from sleeping.
  5. If the animal persists in remaining, call your local animal control officer.
  6. Report any stray domestic or wild animals behaving strangely to your local animal control officer.

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Animals can suffer like humans do, so it is speciesism to experiment on them while we refrain from experimenting on humans. All suffering is undesirable, whether it be in humans or animals. Discriminating against animals because they do not have the cognitive ability, language, or moral judgment that humans do is no more justifiable than discriminating against human beings with severe mental impairments. As English philosopher Jeremy Bentham wrote in the 1700s, "The question is not, Can they reason? nor, Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?"

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Animal tests do not reliably predict results in human beings. 94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials. According to neurologist Aysha Akhtar, MD, MPH, over 100 stroke drugs that were effective when tested on animals have failed in humans, and over 85 HIV vaccines failed in humans after working well in non-human primates. A 2013 study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) found that nearly 150 clinical trials of treatments to reduce inflammation in critically ill patients have been undertaken, and all of them failed, despite being successful in animal tests. A 2013 study in Archives of Toxicology stated that "The low predictivity of animal experiments in research areas allowing direct comparisons of mouse versus human data puts strong doubt on the usefulness of animal data as key technology to predict human safety."

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Drugs that pass animal tests are not necessarily safe. The 1950s sleeping pill thalidomide, which caused 10,000 babies to be born with severe deformities, was tested on animals prior to its commercial release. Animal tests on the arthritis drug Vioxx showed that it had a protective effect on the hearts of mice, yet the drug went on to cause more than 27,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market.

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Animals are very different from human beings and therefore make poor test subjects. The anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. Paul Furlong, Professor of Clinical Neuroimaging at Aston University (UK), states that "it's very hard to create an animal model that even equates closely to what we're trying to achieve in the human." Thomas Hartung, Professor of evidence-based toxicology at Johns Hopkins University, argues for alternatives to animal testing because "we are not 70 kg rats."

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Stop Animal testing!
Use alternative testing methods!

Alternative testing methods now exist that can replace the need for animals. In vitro (in glass) testing, such as studying cell cultures in a petri dish, can produce more relevant results than animal testing because human cells can be used. Microdosing, the administering of doses too small to cause adverse reactions, can be used in human volunteers, whose blood is then analyzed. Artificial human skin, such as the commercially available products EpiDerm and ThinCert, is made from sheets of human skin cells grown in test tubes or plastic wells and can produce more useful results than testing chemicals on animal skin. Microfluidic chips ("organs on a chip"), which are lined with human cells and recreate the functions of human organs, are in advanced stages of development. Computer models, such as virtual reconstructions of human molecular structures, can predict the toxicity of substances without invasive experiments on animals.

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Important Information : Telephone line and Power supply down at Blue Cross of India , In the process of digging for Metro-water work happening on the road to Blue Cross they have cut the electrical and telephone cables . As a result of this we don't have any power supply and are running on Genset power intermittently. Also the telephone lines are down so temporarily no one is able to get in touch with us. Kindly bear with us till the situation is sorted out . We will update as soon as this is rectified. ... See MoreSee Less

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