Puppy Development

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Stages of Development of your Pup

The first six weeks

For the first two weeks of a puppy's life, he is essentially blind and deaf and seeks the nourishment and warmth he needs from his mother. At about three weeks of age, he will begin wagging his tail, playing with his littermates and noticing people around him. Your puppy will acquire almost all of his adult sensory, motor and learning abilities from his third week until his twelfth or fourteenth week.

Six to twelve weeks

Dogs are pack animals. They look for one leader in their pack and are very loyal to serving and protecting their pack. Since dogs usually determine who their leader will be at six to eight weeks - this is the ideal time to bring home your puppy.

  • Although bringing your puppy home can be a fun, exciting, wonderful time for you and your family, it can be stressful for your puppy. Here are some suggestions that can ease the transition for your dog.
  • Decide on a name and consistently call your puppy by that name.
  • Plan your puppy's homecoming at the start of a weekend or some other time that you will be able to stay with it for a day or two to help orient your puppy to its new environment.
  • Never disturb a sleeping puppy. There will be plenty of time to play when it wakes - well rested and eager for your attention.
  • Keep your puppy in your sight at all times. It is important to establish your household rules quickly by guiding your puppy to the correct behavior.

Three to six months

Your little puppy is starting to feel pretty comfortable with his new family and he's busy trying to figure out where he fits. He's constantly exploring and testing his environment - and you!

Now is the time you need to reinforce your status as the leader - teaching your puppy the rules of your family. It is a good time to enroll your puppy in a puppy class which teaches him how to socialize with other dogs, and helps curb negative behavior before it becomes a problem. Your veterinarian, breeder or neighbors and friends will be able to provide puppy class referrals for classes in your area.

Six months to one year

While different breeds of dogs mature at different rates, all puppies hit adolescence sooner or later. For smaller breeds adolescence can start as early as six months, larger breeds may not enter this phase until nine or ten months of age. This is a period of behavioral adjustment - much like the teenage years are for people - and it can be difficult for both puppies and owners.

Male puppies may begin "marking their territory" by lifting their leg to urinate on almost anything. Puppies may also exhibit independent streaks, attempt to mount during play, and body slam themselves into other animals or people in an attempt to show others who they think is the boss. The good news is that you will probably be advised by your veterinarian to spay or neuter your puppy prior to this time. Spaying or neutering will help tone down you puppy's antics.

The second year

Many dogs act like puppies for most of their adult lives. Even as they continue to age and mature, their energy and affection stay high. Once a puppy is physically mature, inside and out, he is considered an adult. The amount of time it will take your puppy to reach adulthood will vary, depending on his breed. Many larger breeds take up to two years to reach adulthood. Consult your vet to find out when your puppy is "officially" an adult.

Once your puppy has proven he's ready, you can begin expanding his privileges - letting him roam your house at free will. But remember, even the best mannered puppy may get into mischief if he's lonely or bored. Even as your puppy enjoys more freedom, keep in mind he still needs his own space. Make sure your puppy continues to have access to its crate when it needs a retreat, even into adulthood.

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End to elephant cruelty: Circuses charged for keeping animals in inhuman condition

No more elephants kicking footballs or standing on two legs in circuses across the country as the ministry of environment, forests and climate change (MoEFCC) has cancelled registration of seven such operators for keeping the animal in 'inhuman' condition.
So far, MoEFCC has deregistered 21 of 22 registered circuses in India under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, banning the training, exhibition and use of elephants for performances.

Even the sole registered circus is being evaluated. The Central Zoo Authority (CZA) - the Central government body responsible for oversight of zoos and captive wildlife animals-found 'gross violations' of the Zoo Rules, 2009 and the guidelines issued by CZA, following which it has cancelled registration of seven circus operators under section 38H(6) of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

These operators are Empire Circus, Great Golden Circus, Ajanta Circus, Great Apollo Circus, Kohinoor Circus, Natraj Circus and Raj Kamal Circus. Earlier this year, five other circuses were also de-registered. The evaluation team of CZA found substantial evidence of cruelty and abuse against the elephants.

WHERE ARE THE CIRCUSES GOING WRONG?

The evaluation was done along with animal rights NGOs and veterinarians. According to the CZA, circuses cannot make animals perform without having proper facilities as prescribed under the Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009.

This includes proper housing with adequate space, waste management, no display of sick animals, ensuring the animals are not stressed, and given proper medical care. But all the circuses evaluated were found violating the norms.

CZA's member secretary DN Singh confirmed to Mail Today, "Based on a series of investigations, deregistration process was carried out. The investigations show that the animals were being maintained in circuses in cruel conditions and were tortured to extract performances.

Some of the circus owners even submitted morphed photographs to us in a bid to claim that animals were kept well," said Singh, adding that CZA has adopted a virtually fullproof method to shut down circuses based on solid evidence such as videos and has also directed the chief wildlife wardens of states to rehabilitate the elephants from derecognised circuses.

"We along with CZA went to all the circus to check the status of wild animals and found that they were in deplorable condition. The elephants could hardly move because of injuries and pain. They are chained and even banned pointed metal sticks were used to train animals by hurting them," said Prashanth V Achariya, campaign manager, Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (FIAPO). FIAPO has been running 'end to circus suffering' campaign against torture of animals in circus.
"Our finding revealed that the elephants were suffering from infectious diseases, permanent physical and mental disorders, he said.

Source:
indiatoday.intoday.in/story/elephant-cruelty-circus-central-zoo-authority/1/829480.html
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Drunk Delhi resident saws puppy's leg

They call him a "monster". A day after Mail Today reported about Dwarka resident Pramod sawing off a puppy's legs , fellow tea sellers in the area recounted how he caught pigeons in the past and then roasted and ate them.

Neighbours were wary of the 34-year-old because of his violent and cruel behaviour towards animals as well as his wife and six children. "Usually in the afternoon, Pramod would come to the park and catch pigeons. Later in the evening, he would roast them and have them with a few drinks," said Sanjay, a 35-year-old tea vendor.

An animal rights activist had told Mail Today that according to Pramod's wife, he had brought home a monkey a few months ago and then chopped it up.

"PLEASE FORGIVE ME"

The accused admitted to this reporter that he had severed the puppy's legs. "I chopped off the legs of the dog because I was drunk. I had beaten my wife that day because she was trying to protect it," he said casually. "Please forgive me." He also confessed that he has been booked in another case after a relative alleged that he had stolen some clothes and utensils from his house in Dwarka. But Pramod is out on bail.

When asked how he planned to provide for his six children, Pramod blamed his wife for never stopping him in the name of family planning. While the couple's eldest child is nine years old, the youngest is six months old. Sources say Pramod earns Rs 400-500 per day and consumes alcohol daily with the help of some ex-colleagues. He earlier worked as a bus conductor but was dismissed because of violent behaviour.

Then, he took up a job as a labourer, but was forced to leave again for the same reason. He is unemployed right now but sometimes helps his wife at their tea stall inside their rented house. The couple's nine-year-old daughter told Mail Today that every time she wants to play, her father forces her to work and wash utensils.

"If I don't, he threatens to kill me," Nandini said. "When my brother and I asked my father that what had happened to the legs of the puppy, he told us that it was run over by a car." A fresh complaint was given to the station house officer at the local police station asking cops to file an FIR under Section 11 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and perhaps also under Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code.

Mail Today has a copy of the complaint filed on Wednesday by animal rights activist Gaurav Sharma and the FIR was finally registered at night. "We will take action against the accused," said Surendra Kumar, deputy commissioner of police (south-west).

Source:
indiatoday.intoday.in/story/animal-cruelty-puppy-leg-dwarka-resident-pramod/1/829482.html
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His name is Veera (fondly called 'pattu kutti') and he's LUCKY TO BE ALIVE. Please spread the word and help him find a home. This is his story.

Two months ago, he was found on the street. He had collapsed and was nearly dead. He had been bitten by another dog and left with holes in his throat and behind his ears and fractures in his head. And more bite wounds on his back. He developed abscesses. He endured long and painful treatment before finally healing. We saw an indomitable will to survive in a puppy who was barely three months old. He wears all his scars like badges of honour.

Today, Veera is an absolute bundle of love. He's very affectionate, likes lap cuddling, is very vocal ('talks' a lot) and loves being around other dogs. Has the cutest, kiss-worthy face. Long legs, long snout..... I suspect he's going to grow to be very tall, athletic and dashing. He's a big foodie and sunbathes a lot. Veera's fully vaccinated. He's looking for a loving home in Chennai or Bangalore. He's currently in Chennai. To adopt, please call 9500058836.
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