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Frequently Asked Questions on Health And Nutrition

Q: What kind of food should I feed my puppy?

A: You should look for a puppy food that will provide 100% of the nutrients needed for a complete and balanced diet. His food should include; protein for strong muscles; calcium for strong bones and teeth; iron for healthy blood: and enough calories for all the energy a puppy burns. Choosing a pet food that has a balanced nutritional formula for the various life stages (puppy, adult, senior) will help ease the transition from puppy to adult food for your dog.

Q: How often and how much should I feed my puppy?

A: Young puppies should be fed three times a day. Once he is four or five months old, he can be fed twice a day. After he is eight to nine months old, the feeding schedule can be reduced to once a day. If he is a larger breed, you may continue feeding him twice a day throughout his life. Proper feeding amounts should be listed on the pet food package. You should also consult your vet to determine a feeding schedule.

Q: My puppy has diarrhea often. Is it something in his food?

A: Most likely it is not his food that is giving him diarrhea, but a viral infection, bacterial infection or a parasite. The rocks and twigs he picks up in his mouth may carry bacteria. In addition, environmental stresses such as high humidity or poor sanitation can cause these bacteria to multiply rapidly in the intestine.

He may also experience diarrhea if his diet has been suddenly changed. To avoid this discomfort, gradually transition him to a new food by mixing portions of both foods until you slowly phase the old food out. For advice on how to transition him to a new food, or if he has severe or persistent diarrhea, consult your vet.

Q: Is it true that a female dog should have at least one litter of puppies before being spayed?

A: NO. The female should be spayed by the time she is six to eight months of age. Many veterinarians now believe that spaying at an earlier age presents little or no increased risk. Spaying a female puppy before the first heat cycle helps protect against mammary tumors and helps prevent the development of several reproductive tract diseases.

Q: What are the benefits to having my dog neutered?

A: In addition to reducing pet over-population, neutering your male puppy can help calm his temperament. Neutering him may also reduce his urge to roam, as well as reduce his risk of developing prostate infections or prostate cancer. Consult your vet for more information on neutering.

Training & Behavior

Q: My husband and I both work full-time and our three kids are in school. What factors should we take into consideration when we crate our puppy?

A: The most important factor to take into consideration is how long he can stay in a crate. To do so, take his age in months and add one. For example, if your puppy is four months old, he can stay in his crate for five hours. Since your family is not home during the day, it would be best to see if a neighbor or a friend could stop by your house to let him out and take him for a quick walk.

He usually sees his crate as a den. It protects him, and is a place that makes him feel safe and secure. Following the tips below will help your puppy enjoy his crate while you and your family are away.

  1. Let him spend short periods of time in his crate while you are at home. When you let your puppy out of the crate, remember to praise him. Your praise will teach your puppy to enjoy spending time in his crate.
  2. Leave the house for brief periods on non-work days, gradually increasing the amount of time you are gone. Once again, always praise your puppy after you let him out of the crate.
  3. Don't make a big production of leaving or returning, with long good-byes or over-excited hellos. This will only reinforce your puppy's anxiety.
  4. Provide safe toys as a distraction from loneliness.
  5. Leave a radio playing softly in another room. The voices from it will help your puppy feel secure.

Q: What are the benefits of obedience school for my puppy? At what age can he be enrolled in classes?

A: One of the greatest benefits to obedience school is socialization. Socializing your puppy early on will help him get along well with all kinds of people and pets. He can be enrolled in a socialization class as soon as he is twelve weeks old. These classes are designed purely as a socialization tool and do not focus on specific commands. Actual obedience classes, where specific commands such as "sit," "stay," "down" and "come" are taught, should begin once your puppy is six months of age or older. These classes can help correct inappropriate behavior before bad habits form, and provides you and your puppy a chance to learn how to work with each other. Remember though, a puppy will only master what he is taught. If you do not reinforce the commands your puppy is taught during class and at home, do not expect him to act accordingly. For more information on obedience school, contact your vet.

Q: How can I keep my puppy from chewing everything he comes across?

A: Realize that chewing is a natural behavior for him. It eases the discomfort of teething and is a part of a puppy's exploration of his environment through the sense of taste. He may also chew when he is bored. Give your puppy safe chew toys such as rawhide bones and hard rubber toys. (Avoid toys containing parts that might come loose and get swallowed such as plastic eyes or metal balls). Be sure to praise him when he plays with his chew toys.

If you catch your puppy chewing something he shouldn't, remove the object with a firm "no." Let him sense, through the firmness of your voice, that chewing is unacceptable. Correct your puppy quietly and firmly each time you catch him chewing an unacceptable object.

Q: How can we stop our puppy from crying in the middle of the night?

A: First determine if he is crying because he wants attention or if he needs to go out. If your puppy is crying because he is afraid of being alone, remember that dark nights and a new environment can be frightening for a young pup. Before you stay up all night trying to comfort him, think of the ramifications of your actions. Tending to a puppy and trying to calm him when he cries indirectly teaches him that "It's okay to cry" and, "If I cry, my owner will come talk to me and pet me."

Instead up picking your puppy up and letting him sleep next to you, why not get him a "doggie bed"? Sold at many pet specialty stores, these beds can be put in the corner of your room and provide your puppy a place all his own to sleep. Introducing your puppy to a "doggie bed," early on will help you and your puppy avoid sleepless nights.

Q: Whenever my puppy is inside, he barks at everything - kids, cars, bikes and even birds. I'm afraid to ever leave him on a leash outside alone, and worry that he will annoy the neighbors. What should I do?

A: Barking is a puppy's form of communication. Your puppy's excessive barking while he is indoors may be his way of telling you he'd rather be outdoors with the birds, bikes and kids. Your puppy may also be barking because he wants attention, is bored or wants everyone outside to know they are passing his "territory." Exercising your puppy at least 20 minutes per day can help prevent him from being bored and can limit excessive barking. To control your puppy's barking, correct him with a loud "no!" or "ahhh!". Praise your puppy when he remains silent. If neighbors complain that your puppy barks when you are away, provide toys, safe chews and other distractions, such as the radio playing in the background. If this behavior persists, contact your vet for further assistance.

Q: How can I stop my puppy from jumping up on everyone who visits?

A: A puppy's jumping is his way of welcoming people. The first step in solving this behavior problem is to teach your dog the "sit" and "stay" commands. To correct your puppy in the act, grab his front paws and hold them tightly for a few seconds and give the command "sit." After paw grabbing has been used several times, you, a family member or a guest should try to intercept the approaching dog before it jumps. Give the "sit" command and praise your puppy if he obeys. Following this procedure consistently should eventually communicate to your puppy that he does not need to jump to receive affection from you or anyone else.

Facebook Posts

Seven healthy Indian puppies including the one in this picture have been rescued and are looking for loving homes. Pls call the rescuer directly in the below numbers

9940152959 or 8220876215
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If Your Dog or Cat Ever Does This, Go To the Vet IMMEDIATELY!

What Exactly is “Head-Pressing”?

The term “head pressing” is actually pretty descriptive—the affected pet stands close to a wall or other hard surface (furniture, the corner, etc) and literally presses the top of her head against it. It almost always signifies significant illness.

What are the illness/diseases that can cause this behaviour?

Many diseases can have head pressing as a clinical sign, but most often we associate it with hepatic encephalopathy, a condition that occurs in pets with liver disease. The liver is meant to remove toxins from the blood stream. When it doesn’t function properly, ammonia and other toxins build up and create this neurologic syndrome of head pressing.

Many breeds are predisposed to liver shunts, a condition in which blood bypasses the liver. Head pressing is a common clinical sign in these pups because of the hepatic encephalopathy that occurs secondary to the liver shunt.

Other conditions that can cause head pressing are:

Hydrocephalus (water on the brain)
Tumours in the brain
Strokes or vascular accidents in the brain
Head trauma.
Inflammatory and infectious types of meningitis and encephalitis
Any kind of trauma to the head or brain can potentially cause head pressing.
Are these disease and illness hereditary?

Some diseases, like liver shunts and hydrocephalus ARE hereditary. Pets with these conditions should not be bred. The other causes mentioned are not hereditary.

Any other symptoms people should look for?

Depending on the underlying cause for head pressing, other symptoms will likely be apparent. In the case of the most common presentation (hepatic encephalopathy), owners will likely see signs of liver disease including:

Jaundice (yellowing of the whites of the eyes and gums)
Weight loss
Increased urination
Increased water intake
Lethargy
Mental dullness (particularly after a meal)
Are there any Preventions?

Not specifically. Many of the conditions that lead to head pressing are just luck of the draw. By keeping your pet healthy, up to date on vaccines, and on appropriate external and internal parasite control, you can avoid some of the infectious causes of encephalitis, however.

What is the prognosis of an animal that displays this behaviour? Does waiting to seek treatment make a difference?

Prognosis largely depends on the underlying cause. There are treatments for many of the conditions that lead to head pressing, and often pets can make a full recovery.

For most veterinary illnesses, the sooner treatment is sought, the better.

Any other information readers need to know?

You should not be concerned if your pet rubs his or her head against you for affection or attention. This kind of head butting is completely different from head pressing, which is an obvious effort to press the head into firm stationary objects.
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A complicated case and a fearful crowd led to the negligence of innocent cattle.

Our volunteers from Blue Cross never stop at anything! This was one of the most challenging cases we have faced in a while. Gaining ownership of cattle, be it temporary or permanent requires a lot of procedures. This case in particular had a lot complications as the cattle ignored by the owners involved a police case due to a series of unfortunate events.

Our volunteers found 5 cows which had been starving for 5 days. The neighbours and village members were reluctant to enter the premises and help the cattle as the feared for their own lives due to the complications involved. They could hear the cows screaming in agony for help!

Our volunteers were accompanied by the local Sub Inspector to visit the location. The cows were carefully loaded in the trucks and we ensured that their travel was comfortable. They are currently at at the Velachery Shelter under recovery!

#BCIChennai
#RescuingAnimals
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Quench the thirst of animals this summer

It's summer & Blue Cross of India have kick started their annual water bowl project and have been distributing bowls across Chennai city. All u can do is get a couple of them and place clean drinking water for the poor animals on the streets.

If u would like to, drop in a mail to bciwaterbowl@gmail.com
or call / text to
9840136341 / 044-22354959
with ur address, contact details and number of bowls.

You can also pick up the bowls from the shelter at Velachery.

**There will be a delivery charge of Rs 50 per bowl**

--Your LIKES, COMMENTS & SHARES will help Blue Cross of India to reach more animal lovers and spread information of animal welfare and rights.

Thank you animal lovers! 😃
Thank you for your support!

#waterbowl #chennai #bluecross
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What do we do when someone reaches out to help us when we are scared? We walk away further.

This rescue is based on that. A kitten had found herself stuck in the rain water harvest pipe of a building. This was a four storeys off the ground. We had to ensure that the scared kitten did not keep moving away from us, down the pipe where the rescue would have gotten more difficult.

This section of the pipe was L-shaped. We cut the pipe and sent in a hose through the horizontal section to make her come closer towards us. Once she was at the junction where she could be vertically carried, we removed her safely!

Watch this video for more!

#BCIChennai
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This little boxer cross boy came to us a week back with his front left paw crushed . He is recovering rapidly but desperately needs a home as he needs personal attention. He will recover to be a perfectly ok 3 legged doggie. He is right now in the Blue Cross of India shelter . Please call on 9789096602 to take him home . ... See MoreSee Less

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THE ONLY WAY TO DO GREAT WORK IS TO LOVE WHAT YOU DO.

Figuratively, the billionth rescue from a well. We have a lot more to go!

The rescuer Mr. Vivek is an active volunteer with CARE Bangalore. His native is Chennai and volunteers with Blue Cross of India, he is trained in tactical rescue. Nothing stops his passion for animals.

Watch the rescue below. Share this video and like our page for more.
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