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Course In Wild Avian Management

(From the newsletter dated March 1999)


Dr. Andrew Routh, Consultant to the RSPCA, UK, conducted a four-day program for veterinary surgeons at the Blue Cross from February 10 to 13, 1999. 11 veterinary surgeons and 3 biologists from zoos in Tamilnadu and Kerala and from the Tamilnadu Veterinary University as well as the Veterinarians from the Blue Cross and PFA participated. The feedback from the participants was very positive. This program was the outcome of efforts made by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment of the Government of India.

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Animal Experimentation Rules

(From the newsletter dated March 1999)


The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules (1998) have been gazetted and are applicable from the 15th of December 1998. Under these rules, all places where animal experiments are carried out must be registered with the Government as must all experimental animal breeding establishments.


The Blue Cross has been fighting for the enactment of suitable legislation for experimental animals for thirty four years and has seen several Committees come and go with no worthwhile steps being taken to control , what is probably the greatest organized cruelty inflicted on animals.

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Banning of Dissection

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1998)


In a major win for animal rights activists, the Ministry for Human Resource Development, Government of India, told the Delhi High Court, on May 19, 1997, that it had decided to make animal dissection optional for school students.


Following this submission by the Central Government's Standing Counsel Meera Bhatia, a Division Bench consisting of Justice Y.K. Sabharwal & D.K. Jain disposed of a public interest petition moved by the Blue Cross of India and ten others. The petitioners had demanded that if the Government did not ban dissections these should be made optional.


Counsel Raj Panjwani, appearing for the petitioners, had contended that "needless and unnecessary" experiments on animals in schools were not only cruel to animals but also to students, whose right to act by their conscience was violated by the forced dissections.


The Blue Cross is most grateful to Mr. Rai Panjwani for waiving his fees for the case.

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(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1998)


The Central Government, in exercise of the powers under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 has constituted a Committee for the Purpose of Controlling and Supervising Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) with effect from 23rd February 1996.


MR. S. Chinny Krishna, Vice Chairman of the Blue Cross, has been appointed as member of the CPCSEA with effect from 23rd February, 1996 for a period of four years.


Notable steps taken by the Committee include:

  1. the banning of dissection in schools (which notification is held up)
  2. acceptance of the pound seizure notification as submitted by the Blue Cross
  3. making animal tests in the cosmetic industry optional

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Education Programs

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1998)


Blue Cross volunteers visited market places during Animal Welfare Fortnight and distributed handbills and pamphlets on various aspects of animal welfare with special emphasis on the cruelties prevalent in these areas such as carrying chicken upside down in bunches, tying pigs to the rear seats of bicycles, etc.


Though these are offences under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, it is regrettable that neither the police nor the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals have carried out any concerted drive to minimize or stop these cruelties.


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Projects - Role of Animal in Ecology

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1998)


Ecology can be defined as the study of the interrelationship of living organisms with the environment in which they live. Animals play an important role in the ecological system, by maintaining the ecological balance. If the balance is disturbed, it would lead to ecological disaster.


In order to stress the importance of animals to students and teachers, the Blue Cross of India took up this project of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, through the C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre, in Chengai MGR District and Thiruvannamalai Sambuvarayar District.


The objective of the project is to create awareness among the students and teachers regarding the food web, the food chain, the importance of animals and the roles played by animals, particularly small animals, to maintain the ecological balance.


The project was carried out by conducting workshops for teachers and school students on the interrelationship between people, the environment and animals. The lectures covered topics like animal welfare, saving endangered species, problems of wildlife depletion and the introduction of environmental education in the school curriculum.


The video van of the C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre was hired for this project. It was equipped with a video projection system and a 100-inch screen. Slide, overhead and 16mm projectors and a wide selection of films in Tamil and English were projected.


During the day, the van was used for school programs. Students were shown video films on animals in the environment, animal welfare and cruelties to animals. During the evenings and at night, the video van travelled to villages to conduct awareness programs for the villagers of the Thiruvannamatai Sambuvarayar district.


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Animals in Films

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1991)


We are very pleased that the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India has appointed our Honorary Treasurer, Dr. Nanditha Krishna, as a member of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).


In addition, it is very heartening to read the letter issued by Mr. B.P. Singhal, Chairman of the CBFC, Bombay to the Board and advisory Panel Members. This circular issued on February 27, 1991 refers to "guidelines 2 (iii) and 2 (iv) issued by the Central Government under Section 5B (2) of the Cinematograph Act. The Animal Welfare Board of India has very rightly pointed out that cruelty towards animals is cruelty within these guidelines and, therefore, all the members of the Panel must be told to view films keeping the above in mind". The circular goes on to state that scenes showing fights between animals in which bloodshed, in which a strong animal attacks a weak animal and those which "offend the human sensibilities" should be viewed keeping the above guidelines in mind.


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Performing Animals

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1991)


On March 14, the Ministry of Environment & Forests issued a notification under Section 22 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, banning with immediate effect the training and exhibition of all animals. This move was warmly welcomed by animal welfare groups and by most sections of the public. In a hard hitting editorial, ‘The Hindu" hailed the Government’s decision.


Unfortunately, the notification was stayed by the Delhi High Court on an appeal filed by the Indian Circus Federation. Overnight, a new organization came into being - the Circus Fans Association purely owned and subscribed to by circus owners. In an appeal filled with half-truths and outright lies, sent to the Prime Minister, this association even went to the extent of claiming that "withholding of food and administration of electric shocks to animals were unheard of in Indian Circus".


After consultation and in agreement with seven other organisations, the Blue Cross issued a press release countering these statements and telegrams were sent to the Prime Minister and Environment Minister requesting firm action to impose the ban. The other organisations supporting the ban are the WWF - India TN State Office, CPR Environmental Education Centre, Indian Institute of Animal Welfare, Bhagwan Mahaveer Ahimsa Prachar Sangh, CP Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation, Madras SPCA, and the South Indian Humanitarian League.


With the Ministry of Environment and Forests filing a counter-petition to the High Court to uphold the ban, the action has moved to the Courts. In the meantime, starting March 31st, in prime time Sunday evenings, Doordarshan commenced a 13 part serial on circuses which, for the most part, consisted of animal scenes. Once again, the seven organizations mentioned above were consulted by the Blue Cross and telegrams protesting the TV serial were sent to the Prime Minister and the Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting, asking that all scenes showing performing animals be deleted before broadcast.


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Animal Experimentation

(From the Annual Report dated March 31, 1991)


Gujarat has become the first state in India to ban the dissection of frogs in schools in biology classes. The Gujarat Education Minister, Mr. Karsandas Soheri, announced on March 29, 1991 at Ahmedabad his Government’s decision to halt dissection of frogs for science practical at the higher secondary school level. The decision, announced on Mahavir Jayanthi Day follows a request made by animal lovers that it was not necessary to kill frogs for practical, according to an official press note. Earlier, during the budget session of the State Assembly, the Education Minister had assured the House that the Government was seriously considering putting an end to the dissection of frogs for biological experiments.


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Export of Monkey for Research


A sustained campaign since 1964 which included officials of the Blue Cross meeting several Prime Ministers of India including Nehru, Lal Bahadur Sastry and Morarji Desai, led to the ban on the export of monkeys from India for medical research.


Since the vast majority of the monkeys exported from India were shipped through London's Heathrow Airport, organizations including the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, the Scottish Society for the prevention of Vivisection, the National Anti-Vivisection Society and the World Coalition against Vivisection in Geneva also extended their support for this campaign of the Blue Cross.


At two of the meetings in the 60's, Colin Smith, of the National Anti-Vivisection Society, England and presently Secretary General of the International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals (IAAPEA), United Kingdom, accompanied the Blue Cross officials.


The ban came in 1977, immediately after the Illustrated weekly of India cover-paged a story written by Dr. Nanditha Krishna of the Blue Cross with photographs by one of India's best known photographers, V.K. Rajamani.


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Export of Frogs Legs


Another major campaign of the Blue Cross which extended over twenty years was against the export of frogs legs. This sustained campaign was supported by several groups such as the Bombay Natural History Society, Compassion in World Farming, U.K. and Lady Dowding of Beauty without Cruelty.


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Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the world. They languish in pain, ache with loneliness, and long to be free. Instead, all they can do is sit and wait in fear of the next terrifying and painful procedure that will be done on them.
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End to elephant cruelty: Circuses charged for keeping animals in inhuman condition

No more elephants kicking footballs or standing on two legs in circuses across the country as the ministry of environment, forests and climate change (MoEFCC) has cancelled registration of seven such operators for keeping the animal in 'inhuman' condition.
So far, MoEFCC has deregistered 21 of 22 registered circuses in India under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, banning the training, exhibition and use of elephants for performances.

Even the sole registered circus is being evaluated. The Central Zoo Authority (CZA) - the Central government body responsible for oversight of zoos and captive wildlife animals-found 'gross violations' of the Zoo Rules, 2009 and the guidelines issued by CZA, following which it has cancelled registration of seven circus operators under section 38H(6) of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

These operators are Empire Circus, Great Golden Circus, Ajanta Circus, Great Apollo Circus, Kohinoor Circus, Natraj Circus and Raj Kamal Circus. Earlier this year, five other circuses were also de-registered. The evaluation team of CZA found substantial evidence of cruelty and abuse against the elephants.


The evaluation was done along with animal rights NGOs and veterinarians. According to the CZA, circuses cannot make animals perform without having proper facilities as prescribed under the Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009.

This includes proper housing with adequate space, waste management, no display of sick animals, ensuring the animals are not stressed, and given proper medical care. But all the circuses evaluated were found violating the norms.

CZA's member secretary DN Singh confirmed to Mail Today, "Based on a series of investigations, deregistration process was carried out. The investigations show that the animals were being maintained in circuses in cruel conditions and were tortured to extract performances.

Some of the circus owners even submitted morphed photographs to us in a bid to claim that animals were kept well," said Singh, adding that CZA has adopted a virtually fullproof method to shut down circuses based on solid evidence such as videos and has also directed the chief wildlife wardens of states to rehabilitate the elephants from derecognised circuses.

"We along with CZA went to all the circus to check the status of wild animals and found that they were in deplorable condition. The elephants could hardly move because of injuries and pain. They are chained and even banned pointed metal sticks were used to train animals by hurting them," said Prashanth V Achariya, campaign manager, Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (FIAPO). FIAPO has been running 'end to circus suffering' campaign against torture of animals in circus.
"Our finding revealed that the elephants were suffering from infectious diseases, permanent physical and mental disorders, he said.

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Love all animals.
Be compassionate to all living things.
Let us not be partial only to the ones we love.


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Drunk Delhi resident saws puppy's leg

They call him a "monster". A day after Mail Today reported about Dwarka resident Pramod sawing off a puppy's legs , fellow tea sellers in the area recounted how he caught pigeons in the past and then roasted and ate them.

Neighbours were wary of the 34-year-old because of his violent and cruel behaviour towards animals as well as his wife and six children. "Usually in the afternoon, Pramod would come to the park and catch pigeons. Later in the evening, he would roast them and have them with a few drinks," said Sanjay, a 35-year-old tea vendor.

An animal rights activist had told Mail Today that according to Pramod's wife, he had brought home a monkey a few months ago and then chopped it up.


The accused admitted to this reporter that he had severed the puppy's legs. "I chopped off the legs of the dog because I was drunk. I had beaten my wife that day because she was trying to protect it," he said casually. "Please forgive me." He also confessed that he has been booked in another case after a relative alleged that he had stolen some clothes and utensils from his house in Dwarka. But Pramod is out on bail.

When asked how he planned to provide for his six children, Pramod blamed his wife for never stopping him in the name of family planning. While the couple's eldest child is nine years old, the youngest is six months old. Sources say Pramod earns Rs 400-500 per day and consumes alcohol daily with the help of some ex-colleagues. He earlier worked as a bus conductor but was dismissed because of violent behaviour.

Then, he took up a job as a labourer, but was forced to leave again for the same reason. He is unemployed right now but sometimes helps his wife at their tea stall inside their rented house. The couple's nine-year-old daughter told Mail Today that every time she wants to play, her father forces her to work and wash utensils.

"If I don't, he threatens to kill me," Nandini said. "When my brother and I asked my father that what had happened to the legs of the puppy, he told us that it was run over by a car." A fresh complaint was given to the station house officer at the local police station asking cops to file an FIR under Section 11 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and perhaps also under Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code.

Mail Today has a copy of the complaint filed on Wednesday by animal rights activist Gaurav Sharma and the FIR was finally registered at night. "We will take action against the accused," said Surendra Kumar, deputy commissioner of police (south-west).

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His name is Veera (fondly called 'pattu kutti') and he's LUCKY TO BE ALIVE. Please spread the word and help him find a home. This is his story.

Two months ago, he was found on the street. He had collapsed and was nearly dead. He had been bitten by another dog and left with holes in his throat and behind his ears and fractures in his head. And more bite wounds on his back. He developed abscesses. He endured long and painful treatment before finally healing. We saw an indomitable will to survive in a puppy who was barely three months old. He wears all his scars like badges of honour.

Today, Veera is an absolute bundle of love. He's very affectionate, likes lap cuddling, is very vocal ('talks' a lot) and loves being around other dogs. Has the cutest, kiss-worthy face. Long legs, long snout..... I suspect he's going to grow to be very tall, athletic and dashing. He's a big foodie and sunbathes a lot. Veera's fully vaccinated. He's looking for a loving home in Chennai or Bangalore. He's currently in Chennai. To adopt, please call 9500058836.
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Why #adopt from #BlueCross of India?

All of the animals in our care have been victims of cruelty, were suffering or abandoned. Many of them have never experienced life in a loving, family home. Can you give one of our animals the happy future they deserve?

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